All Publications

Geoffrey Bateman and Sameera Dalvi | February 1, 2004

Since the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy itself has made it impossible to study
the plausibility of the unit cohesion rationale directly, an examination of multinational military units may be the most direct
option for assessing the plausibility of the unit cohesion rationale.

Aaron Belkin | Parameters, Summer 2003 | July 1, 2003

Ten years after "don't ask, don't tell" was put in place there is more
evidence that suggests lifting bans on homosexual personnel does not
threaten unit cohesion or undermine military effectiveness.

Rhonda Evans | June 1, 2003

U.S. military has repeatedly been forced to
attenuate the divisions, antagonisms and distrust that have troubled American
culture more broadly. This necessity
has stemmed from the unique position of the armed forces as both a defensive
and a “total” institution in American civic life.

Aaron Belkin | Journal of Homosexuality, Volume 41(1), The Haworth Press | January 1, 2003

The evidence that advocates of discrimination invoke to support the
plausibility of the unit cohesion rationale does not constitute
scientifically valid data.

Aaron Belkin, Geoffrey Bateman, editors | Lynne Rienner Publishers | January 1, 2003

A definitive edited volume of lively debate, Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell: Debating the Gay Ban in the Military presents the views of the leading scholars on sexual orientation and the military. This new and unprecedented anthology, published on the tenth anniversary of the establishment of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy, breaks new ground on U.S. military readiness in a time of war. For the first time, this book brings together a critical mass of experts of different points of view to debate whether the U.S. military’s gay ban is based on military necessity or prejudice.

Aaron Belkin, Melissa Sheridan Embser-Herbert | A slightly modified version of this study appears in International Security, vol. 27, no. 2, (Fall, 2002), pp. 178-197. | January 1, 2003

The justification for excluding acknowledged homosexuals from the U.S. military is the unit cohesion rationale, the notion that lifting the gay ban would undermine combat performance. As a growing body of evidence has challenged the plausibility of this argument, the ban’s supporters increasingly have justified exclusion by the preservation of heterosexual privacy in the barracks and showers. We argue that lifting the gay ban will not undermine heterosexual privacy.

Margot Canaday | Palm Center White Paper | May 1, 2002

This study examines the impact of active sodomy laws on the elimination of bans against homosexual personnel in three different contexts. In each case, a ban against homosexual service was lifted while sodomy laws were still in effect.

Aaron Belkin and Jason McNichol | Palm Center White Paper | November 1, 2001

A new University of California study has found that the integration of open gay and lesbian officers has improved the organizational effectiveness of the San Diego Police Department.

Rhonda Evans | Palm Center White Paper | November 1, 2001

Throughout the U.S. military’s history, its treatment of sexual minorities has varied both as medical and popular understandings about homosexuality have shifted and as the needs of the armed forces themselves have changed. Military regulations have moved increasingly away from criminal prosecution to the discharge of homosexual service members in response to changing views among medical professionals about the root causes of homosexuality. The U.S. armed forces presently maintain a complete ban on the service of sexual minorities, regardless of conduct or performance.

Margot Canaday | Palm Center White Paper | May 1, 2001

Throughout the twentieth century, the American military has brought together cultural, religious, and racial groups even when civilian life has been characterized by considerable prejudice towards such groups. Indeed, military integration has often proceeded at a faster pace than civilian integration. This publication describes five examples of this.

Aaron Belkin, Jason, McNichol | International Journal | December 1, 2000

You can download a PDF version of this article here.

Aaron Belkin and R.L. Evans | Palm Center White Paper | November 1, 2000
Aaron Belkin and Jason McNichol | Palm Center White Paper | September 1, 2000

In November 1992, the Australian Defence Forces lifted its ban on open gay and lesbian soldiers. Using all available data from military, academic, non-governmental, and other sources, this report assesses the extent to which the lifting of the gay ban has affected the well-being and performance of the Australian military.

Aaron Belkin and Jason McNichol | Palm Center White Paper | April 1, 2000

A new study of gays and lesbians in the Canadian military has found that after Canada’s 1992 decision to allow homosexuals to serve openly in its armed forces, no negative consequences occurred. The study, titled “Effects of the 1992 Lifting of Restrictions on Gay and Lesbian Service in the Canadian Forces; Appraising the Evidence”, was sponsored by the Center for the Study of Sexual Minorities in the Military at the University of California, Santa Barbara.